Woodpecker

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Woodpeckers have strong bills that they use for drilling and drumming on trees, and long, sticky tongues for extracting food (insects and larvae). Woodpecker bills are typically longer, sharper, and stronger than the bills of piculets and wrynecks, but their morphology is very similar. The bill's chisel-like tip is kept sharp by the pecking action in birds that regularly use it on wood. The beak consists of three layers; an outer sheath called rhamphotheca, made of scales formed from keratin proteins, an inner layer of bone which has a large cavity and mineralised collagen fibers, and a middle layer made of porous bone which connects the two other layers. Furthermore, the tongue bone (or hyoid bone) of the woodpecker is very long, and winds around the skull through a special cavity, thereby cushioning the brain. Combined, this anatomy helps the beak absorb mechanical stress. Species of woodpecker and flicker that use their bills in soil or for probing as opposed to regular hammering tend to have longer and more decurved bills. Due to their smaller bill size, many piculets and wrynecks forage in decaying wood more often than woodpeckers. Their long, sticky tongues, which possess bristles, aid these birds in grabbing and extracting insects from deep within a hole in a tree. The tongue was reported to be used to spear grubs, but more detailed studies published in 2004 have shown that the tongue instead wraps around the prey before being pulled out.

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Woodpeckers!! on Pinterest | Argentina, North America and ...
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Fun Facts About Woodpeckers - Bird Trivia
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Woodpecker - Wikipedia
Woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Why do Woodpeckers Peck? – Ornithology
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Woodpecker Identification Chart | ... Field Marks of an ...
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Woodpecker - Wikipedia
Woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Why a Woodpecker Doesn't Bash Its Brains In - The Infinite ...
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White-bellied woodpecker - Wikipedia
White-bellied woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Woodpeckers - Avian Review
Woodpeckers - Avian Review
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How to deal with problem Woodpecker in New Hampshire ...
How to deal with problem Woodpecker in New Hampshire ...
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Types of Woodpeckers in the Northeast | Catseye Pest Control
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European green woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Woodpeckers of North America Field Guide Art Print by ...
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Art Lander’s Outdoors: Woodpeckers are a Kentucky native ...
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What's Inside a Woodpecker's Nest Hole? | BirdNote
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Background Information on Woodpeckers
Background Information on Woodpeckers
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Woodpeckers - Avian Review
Woodpeckers - Avian Review
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All about the Green woodpecker - GardenBird
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How a Woodpecker Bangs Without Brain Damage | Audubon
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Pileated Woodpecker | Audubon Guide to North American Birds
Pileated Woodpecker | Audubon Guide to North American Birds
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Woodpeckers in Your Forest -- Learn to Identify Them
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Is your Woodpecker’s Head Red? – Wildlife Center of Texas
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Pileated Woodpecker | Audubon Guide to North American Birds
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Woodpeckers | Who's Your Granny?
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Red-headed Woodpecker Facts, Habitat, Diet, Life Cycle ...
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All about the Lesser spotted woodpecker - GardenBird
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Hairy woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Pileated Woodpecker Portrait - Whatbird.com
Pileated Woodpecker Portrait - Whatbird.com
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Red-bellied woodpecker - Wikipedia
Red-bellied woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Downy woodpecker - Wikipedia
Downy woodpecker - Wikipedia
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Woodpeckers of the World: The Complete Guide: Gerard ...
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Red-bellied Woodpecker | Audubon Field Guide
Red-bellied Woodpecker | Audubon Field Guide
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Woodpecker – Go Travel Easy
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Types of Woodpeckers in the Northeast | Catseye Pest Control
Types of Woodpeckers in the Northeast | Catseye Pest Control
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Peterson Reference Guide to Woodpeckers of North America ...
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red-headed woodpeckers | Our Fine Feathered Friends
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Red-headed Woodpecker | Audubon Field Guide
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52 best images about Woodpeckers on Pinterest | Print ...
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Downy Woodpecker | Audubon Field Guide
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Red-headed Woodpecker - eBird
Red-headed Woodpecker - eBird
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Acorn Woodpecker | Audubon Field Guide
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Woodpeckers - Avian Review
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Get Rid of Woodpeckers: Woodpecker Control & Management
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The Sounds of Spring | The Sumpter Valley Dredge
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Pileated Woodpecker Chicks At the Nest - YouTube
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SE Texas Birding & Wildlife Watching: Houston Area Woodpeckers
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Hear the Differing Drumbeats of Woodpeckers | Audubon
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